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Kidney diseases (renal)

Analgesic nephropathy:

Analgesic nephropathy is a chronic kidney disease that gradually leads to end-stage renal disease and the need for permanent dialysis or a kidney transplant.

Diabetic nephropathy:

Nephropathy is the deterioration of the kidneys. Th final stage of nephropathy is called end-stage renal disease, or ESRD.

End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD):

Renal failure refers to temporary or permanent damage to the kidneys that results in loss of normal kidney function.

Glomerulonephritis: 

Glomerulonephritis is a type of glomerular kidney disease in which the kidneys' filters become inflamed and scarred, and slowly lose their ability to remove wastes and excess fluid from the blood to make urine.

Goodpasture syndrome:

Goodpasture syndrome is a rare, autoimmune disease that can affect the lungs and kidneys.

Hematuria (blood in the urine):

Hematuria is the presence of red blood cells (RBCs) in the urine.

Hemolytic uremic syndrome:

Hemolytic uremic syndrome is a rare condition that mostly affects children under the age of 10. It is often characterized by damage to the lining of blood vessel walls, destruction of red blood cells, and kidney failure.

Hyperparathyroidism:

Hyperparathyroidism is caused by overactive parathyroid glands. Overactive parathyroid glands produce too much parathyroid hormones, which in turn stimulate increased levels of calcium in the blood stream.

Hyperthyroidism:

Hyperthyroidism means overactivity of the thyroid gland, resulting in too much thyroid hormone in the bloodstream.

Immunoglobulin A (IgA) Nephropathy:

IgA nephropathy is a chronic kidney disease that may progress over a period of 10 to 20 years, and can lead to end-stage renal disease.

Kidney cancer:

Kidney cancer begins in the kidneys - two large, bean-shaped organs - one located to the left, and the other to the right of the backbone.

Nephrotic syndrome:

Nephrotic syndrome is a condition often characterized by the following: very high levels of protein in the urine, low levels of protein in the blood, swelling, especially around the eyes, feet, and hands, as well as high cholesterol.

Neurogenic bladder:

The following problems are often associated with a neurogenic bladder: urine leakage, urine retention, damage to the tiny blood vessels in the kidney, and infection of the bladder or ureters.

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD):

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a genetic disorder characterized by the growth of numerous cysts filled with fluid in the kidneys.

Renal vascular disease:

Renal vascular disease is the name given to a variety of complications that affect the arteries and veins of the kidneys.